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What are Prototypes ? Where is it applied in PMBOK®Guide

PROTOTYPE

Prototyping is a method of obtaining early feedback on requirements by providing a model of the expected product before building it. Examples of prototypes are small-scale products, computer generated 2D and 3D models, mock-ups, simulations etc.  Prototype allow stakeholders to experiment with a model of the final product rather than being limited to discussing abstract representations of their requirements.

Prototypes support the concept of progressive elaboration in iterative cycles of mock-up creation, user experimentation, feedback generation, and prototype revision. When enough feedback cycles have been performed, the requirements obtained from the prototype are sufficiently complete to move to a design or build phase.

Story boarding is a prototyping technique showing sequence or navigation through a series of images or illustrations. Storyboards are used on a variety of projects in a variety of industries, such as film, advertising, instructional design, and on agile and other software development projects. In software development, storyboards use mock-ups to show navigation paths through web pages, screens, or other user interfaces.

Where Applied?

Within the PMBOK® Guide, Prototypes technique is used in Collect Requirements process

PROCESSES

KNOWLEDGE AREA

PROCESS GROUPS

Collect Requirements

Project scope Management

Planning

Other useful Links

https://project-management-knowledge.com/definitions/p/8-prototypes/

https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/prototyping-systems-analysis-design-environment-5461

References:

PMBOK® GUIDE SIXTH EDITION

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