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Nominal group Technique – Project Management Knowledge | T&T

Nominal group technique

Nominal group technique is part of the  interpersonal and team skills. It is a technique that enhances brainstorming with a voting process used to rank the most useful ideas for further brainstorming or for prioritization.  It is a structured form of brainstorming consisting of the following four steps:

  • A question or problem is posed to the group. Each person silently generates and writes down his/her ideas.
  • The moderator writes down the ideas on a flip chart until all ideas are recorded.
  • Each recorded idea is discussed until all the group members have a clear understanding.
  • Individuals vote privately to prioritize the ideas, usually using a scale of 1 – 5, with 1 being the lowest and 5 being the highest. The moderator may limit the total number of votes based on the ideas to be screened. For example if, there are 10 ideas to be prioritized, each participant in the voting process may be given 20 votes each. A participant may choose to give 5 each to four ideas or give 2 each to all 10 ideas. When multiple team members exercise their rights according to their presence, the group priority will emerge. As needed it can be extended to additional rounds to reduce the bias.

Where applied?

Within the PMBOK® Guide, Nominal group technique is used in the following processes:

PROCESSES

KNOWLEDGE AREA

PROCESS GROUPS

Collect Requirements

Project scope Management

Planning

Collect Requirements

While prioritizing requirements it is very important to consider the view of all key stakeholders involved. This will improve the buy-in and later, solution adoption. For this, after brainstorming and finetuning the requirements in terms of clarity and measurability it can be put on a voting process through nominal group technique The votes can be recorded for future reference.

Other useful links :

https://www.projectmanagement.com/wikis/233070/Nominal-Group-Technique

References:

PMBOK® GUIDE SIXTH EDITION

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